- Identify & open the passage and read it
- Pray for your personal understanding, illumination of the Spirit
- Read the passage thoroughly in its context (reading both the material before it and the one after it). Study it looking at each of the words – what they say and what they do not say. Consider the grammar – is it singular or plural? What tense is it in? etc.
- Read the commentaries (Listen to what the Lord has revealed to others on the same)*
- Make notes
- Make an outline
- Ask questions to do with the passage
- Ask questions that relate to people in relation to the matters addressed by the passage (How does this relate to the hearers now?)
- Ask question of how the passage may be implemented. (What does the Lord require the hearers to do, not to do, believe, change, improve, understand, etc)
- Pray for the understanding of your hearers, for attention, Spirit of God to move them to obedience,
- Pray for the delivery of the sermon – with clarity, simplicity, profundity, fruit in salvation
* Much carefulness is needed in choosing good commentaries
You need to meditate on a passage before you preach it so that you may be not only familiar with it but also have applied it on yourself.